[1]田 冰,朱成洋,郭向洋.降温速率对直流氧化锌电阻片电气性能影响的探究[J].电瓷避雷器,2019,(06):131-138.[doi:10.16188/j.isa.1003-8337.2019.06.022]
 TIAN Bing,ZHU Chengyang,GUO Xiangyang.Influence of Cooling Rate on Electrical Properties of DC Zinc Oxide Varistor[J].,2019,(06):131-138.[doi:10.16188/j.isa.1003-8337.2019.06.022]
点击复制

降温速率对直流氧化锌电阻片电气性能影响的探究()
分享到:

《电瓷避雷器》[ISSN:1006-6977/CN:61-1281/TN]

卷:
期数:
2019年06期
页码:
131-138
栏目:
避雷器
出版日期:
2019-12-10

文章信息/Info

Title:
Influence of Cooling Rate on Electrical Properties of DC Zinc Oxide Varistor
作者:
田 冰 朱成洋 郭向洋
(金冠电气股份有限公司,河南 南阳 473000)
Author(s):
TIAN Bing ZHU ChengyangGUO Xiangyang
(Jinguan Electric Co., Ltd., Nanyang 473000, China)
关键词:
直流氧化锌电阻片 老化 伏安特性 温度系数 荷电率 吸潮性
Keywords:
DC zinc oxide varistor aging volt-ampere characteristics temperature coefficient charge rate moisture absorption
DOI:
10.16188/j.isa.1003-8337.2019.06.022
摘要:
论述了直流氧化锌压敏电阻片烧结过程中降温速率对其电气性能的影响,从直流电阻片的老化、伏安特性、温度系数、荷电率、吸潮性等方面对直流电阻片的电气性能进行了探究。实验结果表明:从高温点降到970 ℃,平均降温速率为27 ℃/h,从970 ℃降到870 ℃,平均降温速率为40 ℃/h,从870 ℃降到840 ℃,平均降温速率15 ℃/h,直流电阻片的各项电气性能参数较优。
Abstract:
It is discussed the effect of cooling rate on the electrical properties of DC zinc oxide varistor during sintering. Explore the electrical properties of DC varistorfrom the aspects of aging, volt-ampere characteristics, temperature coefficient, charge rate and moisture absorption, etc. Experiments show that from the high temperature point to 970 ℃, the average cooling rate is 27 ℃/ h, from 970 ℃to 870 ℃, the average cooling rate is 40 ℃/ h, from 870 ℃to 840 ℃, the average cooling rate is 15 ℃/h, and the electrical performance parameters of the DC varistor are superior.

参考文献/References:

[1] 陈志清,谢恒埅.氧化锌压敏瓷及其在电力系统的应用[M].北京:水利电力出版社,1992.
[2] MATSUOKA M. NONOHMIC PROPERTIES OF ZINC OXIDE CERAMICS[J]. Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 1971, 10(6): 736-746.
[3] 吴维韩,何金良,高玉明.金属氧化物非线性电阻特性和应用[M].北京:清华大学出版社,1998.
[4] 何金良,刘俊,胡军,等.电力系统避雷器用ZnO压敏电阻研究进展[J].高电压技术,2011, 37(3):634-643. HE Jinliang, LIU Jun, HU Jun, et al. Development of ZnO varistors in metal oxide arrestors utilized in ultra high voltage systems[J]. High Voltage Engineering, 2011, 37(3): 634-643.
[5] EINZINGER R. Metal oxide varistors[J]. Materials Science, 1987(17): 299-321.
[6] CLARKE D R. Varistorceramics[J]. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 1999, 82(3): 485-502.
[7] GUPTA T K. Application of zinc-oxide varistors[J]. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 1990, 73(7): 1817-1840.
[8] 廖志超,苟锐锋,程晓绚,等.±800 kV直流换流站三种不同类型避雷器性能比较[J].南方电网技术,2010, 4(2):63-66. LIAO Zhichao, GOU Ruifeng, CHENG Xiaoxuan, et al. Performance comparison of three different types of arresters for±800 kV DC converter stations[J]. Southern Power System Technology, 2010, 4(2): 63-66.
[9] 李立浧.特高压直流输电技术和工程应用[J].变流技术与电力牵引,2006(2):46-50. LI Liying. The technology and engineering application of ultra HVDC transmission[J]. Converter Technology & Electric Traction, 2006(2): 46-50.
[10] 王玉平,张一鸣.特高压直流避雷器的技术特点与分析[J].电力设备,2007, 8(3):15-19. WANG Yuping, ZHANG Yiming. Technical characteristics and analysis of UHVDC arrester[J]. Electrical Equipment, 2007, 8(3): 15-19.
[11] 王玉平.直流氧化锌非线性电阻片的研究[J].电瓷避雷器,1999(2):31-34. WANG Yuping. Study on the field of DC zinc oxide resistor[J]. Insulators and Surge Arresters, 1999(2): 31-34.
[12] 李盛涛,刘辅宜.直流ZnO避雷器有关技术问题的讨论[J].电瓷避雷器,1998(4):3-9. LI Chengtao, LIU Fuyi. Discussion on technical problems of DC ZnO arrester[J]. Insulators and Surge Arresters, 1998(4): 3-9.
[13] 西安电瓷研究所.交流无间隙金属氧化物避雷器:GB 11032—2010[S].北京: 中国标准出版社,2010.
[14] LEVINSON L M, PHILIPP H R. Physics of metal-oxide varistors[J]. Journal of Applied Physics, 1975, 46(3): 1332-1341.
[15] LEVINSON L M, PHILIPP H R. Conduction mechanisms in metal oxidevaristors[J]. Journal of Applied Physics, 1975, 12(15): 292.
[16] 侯清健,徐国跃,赵毅,等.烧结温度和热处理对ZnO压敏陶瓷的影响[J].电瓷避雷器,2004(5):36-38. HOU Qingjian, XU Guoyue, ZHAO Yi, et al. Effect of sintering temperature and heat treatment on ZnO varistor ceramics[J]. Insulators and Surge Arresters, 2004(5): 36-38.
[17] 郭洁,朱跃.温度对氧化锌电阻片主要电气性能的影响[J].电瓷避雷器,2002(2):28-30. GUO Jie, ZHU Yue. Impact of firing temperature on some basic electrical characteristics of MOV[J]. Insulators and Surge Arresters, 2002(2): 28-30.
[18] 成鹏飞,刘汉臣,张晓军.ZnO陶瓷的压敏效应及其起源[J].电瓷避雷器,2013(2):45-48. CHENG Pengfei, LIU Hanchen, ZHANG Xiaojun. The varistor effect of ZnO ceramics and itsorigin[J]. Insulators and Surge Arresters, 2013(2): 45-48.
[19] 徐东,程晓农,赵国平,等.烧结温度对氧化锌压敏瓷显微组织和电性能的影响[J].河南科技大学学报:自然科学版,2009, 30(6):8-11. XU Dong, CHENG Xiaonong, ZHAO Guoping, et al. Effect of sintering temperature on microstructure and electrical properties of Zinc oxide varistor porcelain[J]. Journal of Henan University of Science &Technology(Natural Science), 2009, 30(6): 8-11.
[20] 王振林,李盛涛.氧化锌压敏陶瓷制造及应用[M].北京:科学出版社,2017.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2019-07-31 作者简介:田冰(1991—),男,研究方向:长期从事氧化锌压敏电阻片的研究。
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-12-10